What is pavement?
Pavement is the process of covering the surface of roads with asphalt, concrete, stones, gravel, etc., to prevent dust and muck and to increase durability. In Japan, asphalt and concrete pavement are commonly used, but the cost of materials is high and the skill of construction is required. In developing countries, simplified pavement that can be done with local materials and labor is in demand.
Why Pave Roads in Myanmar?
In rural Myanmar, there are many areas where traffic is blocked due to dust in the dry season and muddy and flooded roads in the rainy season. As vehicles avoid dangerous areas, it takes a long time to travel during the rainy season, which severely disrupts the daily lives and economic activities of the residents.
In order to quickly secure road traffic in underdeveloped rural areas of Myanmar, JIP is working to formulate a technical manual for simplified pavement and provide technical guidance to promote its use.
During one of the projects in Myanmar conducted by JIP in fiscal 2011, Mr. U Hanzoo, President of the Myanmar Engineering Society (former Minister of Construction), requested JIP to create Myanmar’s original pavement technology standards with Japan’s cooperation, which launched the project.
In the next year, JIP dispatched a survey team and decided to formulate pavement technical standards with the financial support of JICA. Over the first phase (2011-2014) and the second phase (2016-2020), road pavement manuals and construction handbooks were prepared. In addition, we regularly conduct test construction with local residents and hold joint technical committee meetings with experts from both Japan and Myanmar. We are striving to spread the use of pavement and improve the quality of pavement while seeking ways to adapt to the actual conditions in Myanmar.
|FY2019||The 4th Myanmar-Japan Joint Technical Committee Meeting held in Myanmar and the road pavement construction manual prepared|
|FY2018||The 3rd Myanmar-Japan Joint Technical Committee Meeting held in Myanmar and the road pavement technical manual prepared|
|FY2017||The 2nd Myanmar-Japan Joint Technical Committee Meeting held in Myanmar and test construction in Piyapon District, Ayeyarwady Region|
|FY2016||The 1st Myanmar-Japan Joint Technical Committee Meeting held in Japan|
|Apr 2016||Launched the project to support sustainable self-sustainability of labor-intensive simplified pavement construction in poverty-stricken areas (JICA’s Grassroots Technical Cooperation Project <Grassroots Partner Type> until April 2021)|
|FY2014||The 4th Myanmar-Japan Joint Technical Committee Meeting held in Myanmar and the road pavement technical manual |
|FY2013||The 3rd Myanmar-Japan Joint Technical Committee Meeting held in Myanmar|
Test construction in Elegyare District, Ayeyarwady Region
|FY2012||The 2nd Myanmar-Japan Joint Technical Committee Meeting held in Japan|
The 1st Myanmar-Japan Joint Technical Committee Meeting held in Myanmar
|Jun 2012||Launched the project for human resource development on labor-intensive road maintenance (road surface treatment) for employment enhancement in the Ayeyarwady Delta region ( JICA Grassroots Technical Cooperation Project <Grassroots Cooperation Support Type> until September 2014)|
|FY2011||At a meeting of the survey on the simple repair of roads in Laingdaw Village in Myanmar (conducted under the grant from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for NGOs), Mr. U Hansoo, President of the Myanmar Engineering Society (former Minister of Construction), requested Japan’s cooperation in preparing technical standards for pavement in Myanmar.|